Login Register. Display statistics. The Misrepresentation and Underrepresentation of Women in U. Author Nankervis, Rose Amber.
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Abstract The underrepresentation and misrepresentation of women in United States politics are conditions that have existed for centuries. Women have been underrepresented because of the perceptions masculinism and gender hierarchy have created. It is this subliminal message of perfection and unspoken rules that confine individuals into the norms of society, leading one to feel ashamed if they deviate from these expectations. The whole festival was an extremely moving and important experience, with people from all over the world of different ages, religions, genders and experiences, gathering together as one in the firm belief of gender-equality.
What I have spoken about is a tiny snippet of WOW and there were many performances, exhibitions and stalls, getting everyone involved even an unders feminist corner! Without events like this the struggle for equality would be much greater, and much more impossible to tackle. I definitely recommend to everyone to go next year.
I will be! If you want to make sure that women and children seeking asylum in the UK are treated with justice and dignity, you can have a look at Women for Refugee Women. If you want to show your support with ending child marriage you can visit the Plan UK website if you get a ring you can post a selfie giving child marriage the finger! So as should be expected, some contemporary Hanafi scholars themselves are eager to revisit the issue, given that times have worsened even more.
They, like jurists from other schools too, point out that the issue of taghayyur al-zaman can work both ways.
On the other hand, these Hanafi scholars argue, it appears that — on balance — there is a greater harm in not permitting women to go to the mosque in these times, for a variety of reasons. The reality is that they too need dedicated spaces to pray: mosques being open to them is part of such accessibility. Another reason is for women to be able to access scholarly talks and classes which often take place in mosques. To suppose that the internet or that YouTube can be an adequate substitute for gaining such knowledge is to be poorly informed about the adab required when seeking sacred knowledge, as well as the barakah or the psychology of being in the company of other [female] seekers.
Female converts having a religious or social focal point is another vital reason why mosques need to be accessible to women. For what better example could their be for wayward or weak souls than to see godliness and pious restraint in collective practice? Mosques might even be one of the rare times when some women put on some sense of hijab whatsoever.
Of course, the larger the mosque complex, in that the more social, cultural and educational activities it holds under its roof for young people and the wider community, the more mindful everyone needs to be in terms of gender decorum. One last matter before I conclude. The reason for this error, it is alleged, lies in a faulty understanding concerning the hadith about Umm Humayd. However, praying in your house is better for you than praying in your courtyard; and praying in your courtyard is better for you than praying in the mosque of your people; and praying in the mosque of your people is better for you than praying in my mosque.
Secondly, even if we were to concede that such was the case just for Umm Humayd, what about the previous authentic hadiths quoted in Point.
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Obviously not! Rather, the ruling about the preferability of women praying in their homes is applicable to women, in general; and mosques, in general. Fourthly, Although it is true that Ibn Hazm considered the hadiths about the afdaliyyah, or preferability, of women praying at home to all be weak and inauthentic, his view simply goes against the established proofs. A number of hadith scholars have affirmed that some of the hadiths mentioning this preferability are authentic.
Between such hadith experts, they have directly and indirectly rebutted the seemingly hasty judgements of Ibn Hazm on certain narrators in these hadiths, demonstrating how many of these hadiths are actually sahih or hasan. However, one simply cannot or must not ignore the fact that times have changed. Today, there are many female converts who have no Islamic environment to take refuge or solace in, other than mosques. For these reasons and others, the following should be considered by the mosque-funding and mosque-attending communities:.
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Where they can, mosques should have a good, designated space to accommodate women. Without doubt, being able to see the person delivering the talk would greatly help women be more focused and attentive. Of course, women being part of mosques committees not for the sake of some quota, or to tick the gender equality boxes; but from a conviction that they will add value, piety and professionalism to the currently dull, dim and lowbrow all-male mosque committees that have for too long tribally ruled the roost is to be welcomed and encouraged.
Perhaps then we may see more Islamically enlightened activities, or some fairness and inclusiveness from most of our local mosques. I suspect that most Muslims in 21st century Britain, especially those born and raised here, are not interested in mosques that offer belongingness primarily on the basis of a pride of Panjabis, a brethren of Bengalis, or a gang of Gujratis.
Now I offer the following with some tentative reservation. But it seems that many of those who seek to empower Muslim women are selling Muslim women short!
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For while much has been made about whether woman can lead men in congregational prayer or not, little energy has gone into helping women become actual scholars or muftis. The simple truth is that leading prayer is of little merit in Islam compared to the honour and distinguished rank of being a scholar. For while in a secular worldview it may not be right for a man to advise a woman what she should be wearing unless, of course, its telling her not to wear a face veil, or increasingly even a headscarf: for secular hypocrisy is accepted where it concerns Islam , in the Islamic worldview men can remind women of dress codes and sartorial obligations that Revelation instates; and visa-versa: The believer, men and women, are allies to each other; they enjoin what is good and forbid what is evil, they establish the prayer and pay the zakat, and obey Allah and His Messenger.
On these, Allah will have mercy. Allah is August, Wise. Abu Dawud, Sunan, no.
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Abu Dawud, no. As in al-Bayhaqi, al-Sunan al-Kabir, no. Ibn Majah, no.